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North America

  • 24,454,000 kmē
  • 326,695,500
  • New York
  • Greenland
  • Mississippi
  • Superior
  • McKinley
  • Mt Rainier
  • Death Valley
  • 22.9/km2
  • UTC-10 to UTC
Noth America Maps
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North America Map

The United States of America (USA) has the largest population and the most developed economy of any North American country. Canada has the next strongest economy, followed by Mexico. In 1994 the North American Free Trade Agreement came into operation between these three countries. This created the world's largest area of free trade (countries trading with each other without restrictions).

The enormous North American continent includes countries with all kinds of cultures, languages and economies. These very different countries have one thing in common-they were all controlled by a European power at one time. The countries of the North American mainland are now independent, but European links continue on some islands. Greenland (the largest island in the world) is still officially part of Denmark and the islands of St Pierre and Miquelon, off Canada's east coast, are French. Britain, France and the Netherlands lay claim to a number of the Caribbean islands.

Most other Central American and Caribbean countries are much poorer, with a small number of people often controlling what wealth there is. This situation has frequently led to periods of revolution and war. In some cases countries have been controlled by the army. Over the years millions of people have left Central and South America as well as the Caribbean and moved to the USA or Canada. Large numbers still enter these countries, often illegally. The fastest- growing regions of the USA are the southern states that receive most of these immigrants, although these states are popular anyway because of their warm climate.

The White House in the capital city of Washington D.C. is the official residence of the President of the USA. Many of the people who live in the city work for the US government.