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Canada

  • 9,984,670 km˛
  • 60°00'N
  • 95°00'W
  • 2,736,690 km˛
  • 891,163 km2
  • 8,893 km
  • 202,080 km
  • Toronto
  • 34,491,000
  • Ottawa
  • +1
Canada Map
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Canada Map

Canada is the second largest country in the world after Russia. Its northern lands reach deep into the frozen Arctic, but the majority of the population lives in the south, close to the border with the United States of America. The country consists of ten provinces and two territories. It is full of contrasts, from fishing villages scattered along the Atlantic coast to major centres such as the French-speaking city of Montreal. The central plains form an immense grain-growing area, while rain-washed forests border the Pacific Ocean. Canada was once a farming nation. Agriculture is still important, but now the country is highly industrialised and produces all kinds of manufactured goods.

The name Canada probably comes from kanata, an Iroquois Indian word that means village or community. The country itself has become a collection of different communities. Many people are of British or French origin and the country is officially bilingual (both English and French are spoken and written). Almost all Canadians are of European descent. Indians and Eskimos, the original people of Canada, make up about 2 per cent of the nation's population. The word Eskimo comes from an Indian word meaning eaters of raw meat. However, the Eskimos call themselves Inuit, which means people.Canada is a rich country. Most of its wealth comes from developing what occurs naturally-trees, fish, oil, natural gas, minerals and water. It is the world's largest exporter of timber, paper and other forest products. Nearly 900,000 jobs depend on the forest industry. Besides being rich in all kinds of fish, Canada's huge lakes and rivers are used to produce electricity.