Home/ Bolivia Map


  • 1,098,581 kmē
  • 17°00'S
  • 65°00'W
  • 10,907,778
  • 8.9/km2
  • Boliviano
  • Spanish
  • +591
  • Evo Morales
  • Sucre
  • 6 Aug.1825
Bolivia Map
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Bolivia Map

About one-third of Bolivia lies high in the Andes Mountains, on a dusty plateau called the Altiplano. The weather there is bright, cool and mainly dry. The highest mountain peaks are capped with snow throughout the year. Bolivia has two capitals, La Paz and Sucre. La Paz, the largest city and the centre of government, is considered to be the main capital. It stands on the Altiplano plain at a height of about 3,660 metres. This makes it the world's highest capital and visitors arriving from lower lands often feel quite breathless and dizzy in its thin air. Sucre is the legal capital, where the country's main law courts are situated.

To the east the weather is warm and humid.There, the Andes drop away through tropical rainforests to the Amazon Basin. In the well- watered river valleys farmers grow tropical crops such as coffee, cocoa, sugar-cane, pineapples, bananas and avocados. Coca, the plant from which the drug cocaine is made, is also grown. The country's forests supply large quantities of timber, such as mahogany and balsa wood, as well as rubber (which comes from tree sap) and brazil nuts. The bark of the chinchona yields quinine, which is used to treat malaria and is an ingredient of tonic water.In the southeast of Bolivia lies the Gran Chaco, a vast area of swamps, tangled scrub and dry grasslands where herds of cattle graze. The oil and natural gas found in this area are sent by pipeline to Argentina and Chile. Natural gas is one of Bolivia's most valuable exports. Since independence Bolivia has had a troubled history of war, unrest and military rule. It lost its only stretch of coast to Chile in the 1880's and a large part of the Gran Chaco region to Paraguay in the 1930's. Bolivia is unusual because over half of its people are Native Americans, mostly the Qurchua and Aymra.